windows and its components

A Better View Of Quality Service

Supplying bespoke wooden windows and doors Dublin for over a decade.

The best surface to the outside of any home is the best windows and doors. Gama is among the front runners for unique windows doors Dublin. We customize our products to match your needs and tastes, leaving you with fittings that will last, and really total your home

Benefits and drawbacks of Popular Window Styles

Pros and Cons of Popular Window Styles

There are lots of factors to consider when choosing windows, whether it is for replacement systems or for brand-new building and construction. Before you even get to that decision, you’ll need to think about the fundamental operating design of the windows, each of which has its own set of benefits and downsides.

It’s very likely that when you replace a single window you will stick with the exact same style, but large-scale replacement of all windows at the very same time gives you the option of changing the style of all of them for a more extreme makeover. Home design also plays a function in window selection due to the fact that specific window designs are typically associated with defined architectural styles.

Common windows designs include:

  • Double-hung windows
  • Double-hung with muntins
  • Casement windows
  • Awning windows
  • Slider windows
  • Fixed windows
  • Roofing system windows or skylights
  • Bay or bow window
  • Glass block windows

Here are factors to consider for these popular window designs.

1- Double-Hung Windows

Double-Hung Windows

You may not acknowledge its official name, this window style is probably the one you are most familiar with. Double-hung windows feature 2 big sashes (frame systems surrounding glass panels) that slide up and down within vertical tracks. In older designs, the sashes are counterbalanced by weights concealed in wall pockets behind the case moldings, however in modern-day double-hung windows, it is more typical for the sashes to be counterbalanced by springs concealed in the side tracks.


Double-hung windows are utilized frequently in homes with timeless traditional styling, though they are likewise found in traditional-modern homes. The traditional rambler, farmhouse, and cottage styles, for instance, make substantial use of double-hung windows.


  • Double-hung windows are made by many manufacturers, so your selection is very wide.
  • Rates are typically reasonable, due to the large availability of this window type.
  • Double-hungs are generally easy to open and close, thanks to springs or weights.
  • Tracks are vertical, so they usually don’t fill with dirt.


  • With time, counterbalance springs can break or sash cables can break. These windows need periodic upkeep to keep them running smoothly.
  • Big opening can make this type of window a burglary risk for figured out intruders.

When they are installed low in a wall considering that they supply a large opening when the bottom sash is open, double-hung windows can be a safety risk for kids.

2- Double-Hung Windows With Muntins

Double-Hung Windows With Muntins

In older windows or costly new windows, the muntins may really hold individual little glass panels, but in lots of contemporary muntin windows, the impact is an impression produced by a grill of wood or plastic pieces that merely rest over a big pane of class. On numerous double-hung windows, muntins are a device you can include.


A double-hung-with-muntin window is utilized in similar method as a basic double-hung, however it provides a somewhat more timeless, ornate look that might be appropriate for colonial-style, Victorian design, or other classic styles.


  • Like for standard double-hung windows.
  • Offers an old-style traditional appeal.


  • Same as for basic double-hung windows.
  • With real muntin windows, the muntins may separate from the glass with time, jeopardizing the energy-efficiency of the window.
  • Fake muntin grills can look low-cost and inauthentic.

3- Casement Windows

Sash Windows

Casement windows are those that crank open horizontally on hinges mounted on one side at the top and bottom. One side remains stationary, while the opposite of the window rotates open like a door. They are really common windows, 2nd only to double-hung windows in their appeal.


Casement windows have slightly more modern style than double-hung windows, and when appropriately positioned, they can be extremely useful for catching and directing cooling breezes into the house.


  • Casement windows are considered much better than double-hung windows at keeping out drafts because the window seal is normally quite tight.
  • Casement windows are great when you wish to “scoop” cooling outside air into your home.
  • When the windows are open, casement windows tend to be reasonably secure against intruders– the open area is fairly narrow.


  • When fully extended, casement windows can be broken off by strong winds.
  • Mechanical cranking systems go through use and have a high failure rate.
  • Casement windows do not qualify as egress windows unless they are rather big.

4- Awning Windows

Awning Windows

Awning windows operate in precisely the same way as casement windows– with mechanical cranks that open and close them. Awning windows, though, open from the bottom when cranked, with the top edge fixed in place while the bottom pivots outward and up.


They are frequently utilized in low-level windows where burglars might be an issue, or in wet climates where you wish to open windows even when it is raining. Small awning windows are typically used in the basement or in below-grade applications.


  • Awning windows are relatively safe versus burglars.
  • The windows can be exposed throughout rain given that the glass acts as an awning that avoids water from entering.


  • Awning windows do not scoop in outside fresh air as effectively as casement windows.
  • Like sashes, the mechanical cranks on awning windows undergo wear and have a high failure rate.

5- Slider Windows

Slider Windows

Slider windows are mechanically quite basic, consisting of side-by-side windows that slide horizontally along the bottom and top tracks. In some styles, both windows slide, while in other designs, one window is fixed while the other moves side to side.


Slider windows are popular in mid-century modern houses styles (they were popular in brand-new building and construction during the 1950s and 60s). Sliders are a good choice when you require to constantly open and close windows.


  • Sliders have no mechanisms or cranks, so they are extremely long lasting.
  • Windows tend to be more affordable than other designs, due to the simpleness of their design.


  • Design tends to be rather dated.
  • Tracks can fill with dirt and particles, needing regular cleaning.
  • Shapes and sizes are restricted.

6- Set Windows

Fixed Windows

A fixed window describes any window that uses a glass pane fixed within a window frame that does close or not open. The timeless picture window is the most familiar example of a fixed window, but there are other types.


Set windows are used to supply view or light where ventilation or egress is not a need.


  • Fixed windows are completely sealed, so they provide better energy cost savings than other windows types.
  • Simple style provides itself to modern house designs
  • Fixed windows tend to be less expensive than other window styles.


  • Fixed windows can produce too much energy gain in warm, bright climates.
  • Fixed windows offer no means of confessing fresh air due to the fact that they can’t be opened.

7- Skylight or Roof Windows

Skylight or Roof Windows

The terms roofing system window and skylight are sometimes utilized interchangeably, but typically, a skylight is specified as a fixed window set up in a roofline, while a roofing window describes a similar window that can be opened and closed to supply ventilation.


Roofing system windows and skylights are most beneficial for presenting light into attic spaces or upstairs areas where wall area for windows is restricted. They can likewise enhance light and ventilation in big “open-concept” rooms through the use of framed shafts, or goes after, that extend from the skylight through the attic to the ceiling below.


  • They supply a good way to include light to the attic and second-story spaces.
  • Venting roof windows can assist tire hot air in summer season.
  • Consistent, direct exposure to the sun means these windows can assist heat areas in winter.


  • Skylights and roofing windows take a heavy pounding from sun and rain; these windows are prone to problems and have a much shorter lifespan than other windows.
  • Setup usually requires a pro, because cutting open a roofing is beyond the abilities of a lot of DIYers.

8- Bay or Bow Window

Bay or Bow Window

A bay or bow window refers to a mix of windows that together form a system that extends outward from the wall surface of your house. These windows are called bay when the shape of the extension is more-or-less square, and are called a bow when the shape is more curved.

Bay and bow windows are traditionally formed with a fixed center picture window flanked on the sides by several sets of casement or double-hung windows.


A bay or bow window can be utilized as a visual centerpiece in large living-room, living room, or parlors. They very frequently look out on a landscaped setting or an attractive view, such as a front yard.


  • Bay or bow windows produce a design statement like no other home feature.
  • These windows are ideal where you want a consistent view of the outdoors.
  • These windows provide rack space for growing plants or displaying ornamental items.
  • Small bay windows can serve as greenhouse windows for growing herbs and other plants.


  • Bay or bow windows are quite costly.
  • Setting up these windows needs a substantial amount of framing work, including headers and roofing coverings.
  • The large area can create a heat loss concern.

9- Glass Block Windows

Glass Block Windows

Glass block windows describe fixed windows made with architectural glass blocks, normally mortared in place. The thick blocks are usually made from semi-opaque glass that allows light to travel through but still block views.


Glass block windows are most commonly utilized in bathrooms or other spaces where you wish to present light while blocking visibility. Glass blocks can also be set up in foundation walls to introduce light into basements. Some designs consist of ventilating panels built into the system.


  • Glass block walls are the most safe of all windows considering that the heavy, thick blocks are mortared in place permanently.
  • Glass blocks are semi-opaque, so they are ideal for areas where privacy is essential.
  • These windows have very good insulating residential or commercial properties.

Glass blocks are extremely long lasting; such windows seldom need replacement.


  • Glass blocks can be tough to integrate into a home style. These windows are utilitarian, not very ornamental.
  • On south-facing walls, glass block may warm up indoor spaces.

There are lots of factors to consider when selecting windows, whether it is for replacement units or for brand-new building. It’s very most likely that when you change a single window you will stick with the exact same style, but large-scale replacement of all windows at the same time provides you the option of changing the style of all of them for a more extreme makeover. Home design likewise plays a function in window choice because certain window styles are frequently associated with defined architectural designs.

In older windows or pricey brand-new windows, the muntins may in fact hold specific small glass panels, however in numerous modern muntin windows, the effect is an illusion created by a grill of wood or plastic pieces that simply rest over a big pane of class. They are very typical windows, second only to double-hung windows in their appeal.

More About Window on WikiPedia

A window is an initiation in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the lane of open and may also permit the path of sealed and sometimes air. Modern windows are usually glazed or covered in some additional transparent or translucent material, a sash set in a frame in the opening; the sash and frame are then referred to as a window. Many glazed windows may be opened, to permit ventilation, or closed, to exclude inclement weather. Windows may have a latch or same mechanism to lock the window shut or to retain it admittance by various amounts.

Types add up the eyebrow window, fixed windows, hexagonal windows, single-hung and double-hung sash windows, horizontal sliding sash windows, casement windows, awning windows, hopper windows, tilt and slide windows (often door-sized), tilt and approach windows, transom windows, sidelight windows, jalousie or louvered windows, clerestory windows, lancet windows, skylights, roof windows, roof lanterns, bay windows, oriel windows, thermal, or Diocletian, windows, picture windows, Rose windows, emergency exit windows, stained glass windows, French windows, panel windows, double/triple paned windows, and witch windows.

The Romans were the first known to use glass for windows, a technology likely first produced in Roman Egypt, in Alexandria ca. 100 AD. Paper windows were economical and widely used in ancient China, Korea and Japan. In England, glass became common in the windows of unidentified homes solitary in the to the fore 17th century whereas windows made happening of panes of flattened animal horn were used as upfront as the 14th century. In the 19th century American west, greased paper windows came to be used by itinerant groups. Modern-style floor-to-ceiling windows became feasible only after the industrial plate glass making processes were adequately perfected.

Related Links

Gama Windows & Doors Services

Upon customer request, we can also implement additional substances to products, such as window screens, air vents, and electric drives (motors).

* NOTE: Please check all type of products and services we offer: main page for general info on windows and doorswood windowsfront doorsfolding doorshs sliding doorspsk patio sliding doorssash windowsH-Axis pivot windowstilt and turn windowstop swing windowsscandinavian top swing windows and benefit from our discounts. Or just simply contact us for a free quote. Please also have a look at our amazing testimonials and gallery (about us).

Useful links

Call Now Button